domingo, novembro 19, 2017

Unreliable First-Person Narrative: "Mightier than the Sword" by K. J. Parker



It’s an interesting debate about SF being written by mainstream writers, and whether it is still SF. Most of the early examples are female writers who coupled SF and feminism. Atwood, LeGuin, Lessing, Octavia Butler (who also brought in race topics, of course). Whether you see them as SF or mainstream really depends which editions of their books you pick up. And it really doesn't matter either way, they were (and are) just good. When it becomes embarrassing is when mainstream writers start playing with SF tropes but don't have the skill to carry it off well. At the moment I'm reminded of that point in the eighties when mainstream white pop acts started rapping - embarrassing to say the least. You can tell when an artist has a real grasp on the tradition they are working in. You don't expect classical musicians to be able to play rhythm and blues without at least listening to John Lee Hooker for a while, yet mainstream writers go stumbling into the depths of Hard SF territory without apparently reading any of what has come before. Fair enough if they can do it, but if Cormac McCarthy and Winterson are any guide it seems that they can't. What's "rebellious" about conforming to current expectations and ideology? Stereotypes and political correctness are two sides of the same coin, treating characters as statements or representatives and not as individuals.

Quite apart from believing there is space for pure entertainment, I also do not believe that interesting, challenging work usually comes about as a result of a writer sitting down and consciously thinking "OK, I'm going to tackle this important topic". Writing is more often a process of exploration and discovery, with a lot of unconscious input. As a provision, I would also suggest that the expectation that writers must "treat characters as statements or representatives and not as individuals", reliable narrators or not, is also a presumption and taste of our own particular time, place, and culture.

Why "must" this be so?

Are allegorical and symbolic modes of narration always somehow less rewarding? I’ve fed up with people saying they don’t bother reading books with unreliable narrators. Why? No idea. I think that the whole palette should be available to the writer and the reader. I also think that imperatives about making SF "representative" reveal the degree to which contemporary notions of Realism have saturated aesthetic discussions. Representative values and individuation are certainly not as necessary (or necessary at all) for the success of works such as Dunsany's The Gods of Pegana, Cabell's Jurgen, Eddison's The Worm Ouroboros, or Lindsay's The Voyage to Arcturus. And I would maintain that -- viewed retrospectively -- two works that I greatly admire, A Wizard of Earthsea and Perdido Street Station, now seem as much about "types of narration" as anything else. This is not meant to mark down Le Guin or Mieville. Far from it. Rather, I think that A Wizard of Earthsea and Perdido Street Station will endure despite their politics or ideology -- which will increasingly date over time -- by virtue of their style, tone, and aesthetic achievement.

When it comes to first person narrators aren't they all essentially unreliable? Who cares? David Copperfield, Holden Caulfield, anything by Gide, Mersault, and so on. Also, shouldn't we distinguish between 'twist in the tail' narratives where an objective truth is revealed in the denouement, and more nuanced novels that describe the fine line between knowledge, story telling, and madness.  


I'll never understand the people, and I've met several, who say they don't like unreliable narrators. For me, they're the only interesting kind and K. J. Parker is, undeniably, the SF master of the form.



SF = Speculative Fiction.

4 comentários:

alittleteaalittlechat disse...

Really interesting post - do the women cross over more because they live in a world that is less satisfying (better to be male than female still) and therefore look to the future? Or to fantasy?

Manuel Antão disse...

You might be onto something there.

I'm a man. I understand bullies are real. My wife says she adores men. Married to one, in fact. She also says she several good male friends. Most men are just good people. The few that aren't foul it up for the rest, though... and agree with you. Women still have to cross over more.

Grammatically there are at least three genders (masculine, feminine and neuter) that do not equate to sexes. Officially there are only two of them, but physically and psychologically there are clearly more. The disconnect between the two constructs accounts for much of our present confusion and conflict (even in literature).

Book Stooge disse...

I have no use for mainstream writers who have been "literary" their whole careers trying their hand in the SFF arena.
Why?
Because I find they tend to carry over their "literary", ie, noses up their own backsides, attitudes and it pisses me off as a reader. They try to be clever but all I get it from it is contempt. However, I also blame readers, those 4-6 books a year people who drive the "best seller" data. They have NO experience in SFF either and so when an author throws in a "unicorn", OMG, its the best fantastical thing ever and "look at me slumming it by reading this 'fantasy'".

I'm starting to feel like I'm becoming one of the Old Guard in terms of SF or even SFF. Thank goodness I can always re-read the Dune Chronicles. That always cheers me up :-)

Manuel Antão disse...

You're absolutely right.

There was a time when young and naive and I decided the main branches of SF were "soft Science Fiction", "hard Science Fiction", "speculative Science Fiction", "science fantasy", "high fantasy", "regular fantasy", and "bullshit SF". Guess which one is "Mundane-Fiction-turned-into-SF"...?